The structural characterization of the O- and N-glycan structures of three different commercially available recombinant human erythropoietins (rhEPOs) is represented by means of a microscale sample purification using ZipTip technology and MALDI-TOF and MALDI low-energy CID MS. Glycopeptides were released from rhEPO samples by a differential endoproteolytic digestion to obtain site-specific glycosylation patterns. Mass accuracies in the range of +/- 0.04% obtained by the high-resolution TOF instrument allowed an unambiguous assignment of N-glycan structures via glycan database software. Furthermore, the O-glycan structures were directly analyzed on the glycopeptide level by MS/MS experiments. Principally, site-specific glycosylation was found to be very similar for the three different rhEPOs (EPO-alpha, EPO-beta, and novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein (NESP)) but exhibiting quantitative differences in distinct O- and N-glycan moieties. Significant differences were found in the degree of sialylation and acetylation. Especially, a considerable degree of variation of the O-acetylation of sialic acid residues could be realized on the glycan structures of O- and N-glycopeptides, whereas EPO-alpha and EPO-beta could be clearly differentiated from NESP solely on the O-glycopeptide level.