Comparison of muscle buffer capacity and repeated-sprint ability of untrained, endurance-trained and team-sport athletes

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2006 Feb;96(3):225-34. doi: 10.1007/s00421-005-0056-x. Epub 2005 Oct 19.


We measured the muscle buffer capacity (betam) and repeated-sprint ability (RSA) of young females, who were either team-sport athletes (n = 7), endurance trained (n = 6) or untrained but physically active (n = 8). All subjects performed a graded exercise test to determine VO(2peak) followed 2 days later by a cycle test of RSA (5 x 6 s, every 30 s). Resting muscle samples (Vastus lateralis) were taken to determine betam. The team-sport group had a significantly higher betam than either the endurance-trained or the untrained groups (181+/- 27 vs. 148 +/- 11 vs. 122 +/- 32 micromol H(+) g dm(-1) pH(-1) respectively; P < 0.05). The team-sport group also completed significantly more relative total work (299 +/- 27 vs. 263 +/- 31 vs. 223 +/- 21 J kg(-1), respectively; P < 0.05) and absolute total work (18.2 +/- 1.6 vs. 14.6 +/- 2.4 vs. 13.0 +/- 1.9 kJ, respectively; P < 0.05) than the endurance-trained or untrained groups during the RSA test. The team-sport group also had a greater post-exercise blood lactate concentration, but not blood pH. There was a significant correlation between betam and RSA (r = 0.67; P < 0.05). Our findings show that young females competing in team sports have a larger betam than either endurance-trained or untrained females. This may be the result of the intermittent, high-intensity activity during training and the match play of team-sport athletes. The team-sport athletes also had a greater RSA than either the endurance-trained or untrained subjects. The greater total work by team-sport athletes was predominantly due to a better performance during the early sprints of the repeated-sprint bout.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Weights and Measures
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Lactic Acid / analysis
  • Lactic Acid / blood
  • Muscles / chemistry*
  • Muscles / physiology
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Endurance*
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Sports*


  • Lactic Acid