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Inhibition of Lipid Peroxidation and Protein Oxidation in Rat Liver Mitochondria by Curcumin and Its Analogues

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Inhibition of Lipid Peroxidation and Protein Oxidation in Rat Liver Mitochondria by Curcumin and Its Analogues

Qing-Yi Wei et al. Biochim Biophys Acta.

Abstract

Curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione, 1) is a yellow ingredient isolated from turmeric (curcumin longa). It has been shown to exhibit a variety of biological activities including antioxidative activity. In order to find more active antioxidants with 1 as the lead compound we synthesized curcumin analogues, i.e., 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione (2), 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione (3), 1,7-bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione (4), 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione (5), 1,7-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione (6), and 1,7-diphenyl-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione (7), and evaluated their antioxidative activity. The in vitro oxidative damage to both lipids and proteins in rat liver mitochondria was used as a model to study the free radical-induced oxidative damage of biological lipids as well as proteins and the protective effects of these curcumin analogues. It was found that these compounds, except 6 and 7, could effectively inhibit the free radical induced lipid peroxidation and protein oxidative damage of rat liver mitochondria by H-atom abstraction from the phenolic groups. Compound 2 which bear ortho-diphenoxyl functionality exhibited remarkably higher antioxidative activity for lipids and proteins than curcumin and other analogues, and the 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl group also play an important role in the antioxidative activity.

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