Long-term update of a phase II study of rituximab in combination with CHOP chemotherapy in patients with previously untreated, aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Leuk Lymphoma. 2005 Nov;46(11):1569-73. doi: 10.1080/10428190500217312.


The present study aimed to determine the long-term safety and efficacy of chimeric anti-CD 20 antibody rituxan (rituximab, Biogen IDEC, San Diego, CA, USA; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA) in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Thirty-three patients with previously untreated aggressive B-cell NHL received six infusions of rituximab (375 mg/m(2) per dose) on day 1 of each cycle of CHOP chemotherapy, given on day 3 of each cycle of therapy. Currently, the patients now have a median follow-up of 63 months (range 34 - 82 months). The overall response (OR) rate was 94% and the complete response (CR) rate was 61% at the end of therapy. Of the 33 patients, 2 patients experienced disease progression and subsequently died of their disease, 2 patients experienced disease progression but were alive at last follow-up following additional therapy, and 2 patients died without experiencing disease progression: one due to a cerebral vascular accident at 9 months after therapy and a second patient due to small cell lung carcinoma at 55 months. The 5-year survival rate was 88% (95% confidence interval (CI) 72 - 97) and the 5-year progression-free survival was 82% (95% CI 64 - 93). There were no long-term adverse events noted directly related to the rituximab. The long-term follow-up of patients in this phase II trial of rituximab with CHOP chemotherapy for previously untreated aggressive NHL demonstrates a high response rate, which remains very durable with high 5-year overall and progression-free survivals.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Cause of Death
  • Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage
  • Doxorubicin / administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell / mortality
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy*
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prednisone / administration & dosage
  • Remission Induction
  • Rituximab
  • Survival Analysis
  • Vincristine / administration & dosage


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Rituximab
  • Vincristine
  • Doxorubicin
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Prednisone

Supplementary concepts

  • CHOP protocol