Two transactivation mechanisms cooperate for the bulk of HIF-1-responsive gene expression

EMBO J. 2005 Nov 16;24(22):3846-58. doi: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600846. Epub 2005 Oct 20.


The C-terminal activation domain (C-TAD) of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factors HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha binds the CH1 domains of the related transcriptional coactivators CREB-binding protein (CBP) and p300, an oxygen-regulated interaction thought to be highly essential for hypoxia-responsive transcription. The role of the CH1 domain in vivo is unknown, however. We created mutant mice bearing deletions in the CH1 domains (DeltaCH1) of CBP and p300 that abrogate their interactions with the C-TAD, revealing that the CH1 domains of CBP and p300 are genetically non-redundant and indispensable for C-TAD transactivation function. Surprisingly, the CH1 domain was only required for an average of approximately 35-50% of global HIF-1-responsive gene expression, whereas another HIF transactivation mechanism that is sensitive to the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA(S)) accounts for approximately 70%. Both pathways are required for greater than 90% of the response for some target genes. Our findings suggest that a novel functional interaction between the protein acetylases CBP and p300, and deacetylases, is essential for nearly all HIF-responsive transcription.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • CREB-Binding Protein / genetics
  • CREB-Binding Protein / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Hydroxamic Acids / metabolism
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit / genetics
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit / metabolism*
  • Lung / anatomy & histology
  • Lung / growth & development
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasms / genetics
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Survival Rate
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Transcriptional Activation*
  • p300-CBP Transcription Factors / genetics
  • p300-CBP Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
  • Hif1a protein, mouse
  • Hydroxamic Acids
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
  • endothelial PAS domain-containing protein 1
  • trichostatin A
  • CREB-Binding Protein
  • Crebbp protein, mouse
  • p300-CBP Transcription Factors