Pharmacogenetic principles in the Hippocratic writings

J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Nov;45(11):1218-20. doi: 10.1177/0091270005281091.


Twenty-five centuries after Hippocrates, we are at the beginning of an era of individualized, molecular, and genomic medicine, where diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment will be increasingly based on our understanding of the human organism's genetic and molecular composition. The most difficult task in this process has proven to be the application of the scientific advancements to the clinical setting, and clinical pharmacology is an essential discipline in this translational process. This article traces the roots of the emerging personalized and genome-based medicine to the teachings of Hippocrates.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Drug Therapy
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Greek World
  • History, Ancient
  • Humans
  • Pharmacogenetics*
  • Philosophy, Medical / history*