Structural insights into the coordination and extraction of Pb(II) by disulfonamide ligands derived from o-phenylenediamine

Inorg Chem. 2005 Oct 31;44(22):7951-9. doi: 10.1021/ic051103r.


The o-phenylenediamine-derived disulfonamide ligands 1 and 2 complex and efficiently extract Pb(II) from water into 1,2-dichloroethane via ion-exchange, in combination with 2,2'-bipyridine (97.5% and 95.0%, respectively, for 1:1 ligand-to-Pb ratios). The corresponding Pb(II)-sulfonamido binary complexes of ligands 1 and 2 (3 and 4, respectively), and ternary complexes with 2,2'-bipyridine (5 and 6, respectively), were isolated and characterized. (1)H NMR spectra of the organic phases after extraction show the formation of ternary Pb-sulfonamido-bipy complexes. X-ray characterization of 3, 4, and the ternary complex 5 consistently demonstrates four primary coordination sites and a stereochemically active lone pair on Pb. The X-ray structure of 3 shows a pseudo trigonal bipyramidal configuration on Pb, with the lone pair occupying one of the equatorial sites, and the formation of an unusual "hemidirected" coordination polymer via axial S=O-Pb coordination. The same axial S=O-Pb coordination pattern with two DMSO molecules is observed in the structure of 4.[2(CH(3))(2)SO)], thus rationalizing the high solubility of the binary complexes in strongly coordinating solvents. In contrast, the X-ray structure of the ternary complex 5 reveals a distorted four-coordinate configuration with only weak S=O-Pb coordination leading to dimer formation, thus explaining its higher solubility in weakly coordinating solvents. FT-IR spectroscopy confirms the X-ray data, since the ligand nu(S)(=)(O) stretching frequencies shift to lower values in the binary Pb(II)-sulfonamido complexes and are again altered upon formation of the ternary Pb(II)-sulfonamido-bipy complexes, as would be expected for 2,2'-bipy complexation and hindered S=O-Pb coordination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Lead / analysis
  • Lead / chemistry*
  • Ligands
  • Molecular Structure
  • Phenylenediamines / chemistry*
  • Solvents / chemistry
  • Sulfonamides / chemistry*


  • Ligands
  • Phenylenediamines
  • Solvents
  • Sulfonamides
  • Lead