Background: There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of the antifungal voriconazole, particularly in immunosuppression. We describe our experience of using voriconazole in children with CF.
Methods: We performed a retrospective case note review of children with CF treated with voriconazole in a single centre over an 18 month period.
Results: A total of 21 children aged 5 to 16 years (median 11.3) received voriconazole for between 1 and 50 (22) weeks. Voriconazole was used as monotherapy in 2 children with recurrent allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA); significant and sustained improvements in clinical and serological parameters for up to 13 months were observed, without recourse to oral steroids. Voriconazole was used in combination with an immunomodulatory agent in a further 11 children with ABPA, with significant improvement in pulmonary function and serology. 8 children without ABPA but who had recurrent Aspergillus fumigatus isolates and increased symptoms also received voriconazole; this group did not improve with treatment. Adverse effects occurred in 7 children (33%: photosensitivity reaction 3, nausea 2, rise in hepatic enzymes 1, hair loss 1).
Conclusions: Voriconazole may be a useful adjunctive therapy for ABPA in CF. Voriconazole monotherapy appears to be an alternative treatment strategy when oral corticosteroids may not be suitable.