Keynote review: in vitro safety pharmacology profiling: an essential tool for successful drug development

Drug Discov Today. 2005 Nov 1;10(21):1421-33. doi: 10.1016/S1359-6446(05)03632-9.

Abstract

Broad-scale in vitro pharmacology profiling of new chemical entities during early phases of drug discovery has recently become an essential tool to predict clinical adverse effects. Modern, relatively inexpensive assay technologies and rapidly expanding knowledge about G-protein coupled receptors, nuclear receptors, ion channels and enzymes have made it possible to implement a large number of assays addressing possible clinical liabilities. Together with other in vitro assays focusing on toxicology and bioavailability, they provide a powerful tool to aid drug development. In this article, we review the development of this tool for drug discovery, its appropriate use and predictive value.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical / methods
  • Drug Design*
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical / methods*
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Pharmacokinetics*
  • Pharmacology*
  • Toxicity Tests / methods