Thromboxane, prostacyclin and isoprostanes: therapeutic targets in atherogenesis

Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2005 Dec;26(12):639-44. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2005 Oct 21.


Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease of the vasculature that is influenced by multiple factors that involve a complex interplay between some components of the blood and the arterial wall. Inflammation and oxidative stress have key roles in atherogenesis. The production of F2-isoprostanes (F2-IPs), thromboxane A2 (TxA2) and prostacyclin (PGI2) increases in atherosclerosis, and recent studies show that pharmacological modulation of their biosynthesis and biological activities are important therapeutic targets for managing atherosclerosis. In this review, we highlight recent breakthroughs in the roles of F2-IPs, TxA2 and PGI2 in atherogenesis, and identify pertinent therapeutic targets.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Atherosclerosis / drug therapy*
  • Atherosclerosis / etiology
  • Atherosclerosis / metabolism
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Epoprostenol / metabolism*
  • F2-Isoprostanes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / metabolism
  • Thromboxane A2 / metabolism*


  • Antioxidants
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
  • F2-Isoprostanes
  • Thromboxane A2
  • Epoprostenol
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases