Three maize leaf ferredoxin:NADPH oxidoreductases vary in subchloroplast location, expression, and interaction with ferredoxin

Plant Physiol. 2005 Nov;139(3):1451-9. doi: 10.1104/pp.105.070813. Epub 2005 Oct 21.


In higher plants, ferredoxin (Fd):NADPH oxidoreductase (FNR) catalyzes reduction of NADP+ in the final step of linear photosynthetic electron transport and is also implicated in cyclic electron flow. We have identified three leaf FNR isoenzymes (LFNR1, LFNR2, and LFNR3) in maize (Zea mays) chloroplasts at approximately equivalent concentrations. Fractionation of chloroplasts showed that, while LFNR3 is an exclusively soluble enzyme, LFNR1 is only found at the thylakoid membrane and LFNR2 has a dual location. LFNR1 and LFNR2 were found to associate with the cytochrome b6f complex following its partial purification. We cloned LFNR3 and produced all three isoenzymes as stable, soluble proteins. Measurement of Fd reduction ability showed no significant differences between these recombinant enzymes. Column chromatography revealed variation between the interaction mechanisms of LFNR1 and LFNR2 with Fd, as detected by differential dependence on specific intermolecular salt bridges and variable sensitivity of interactions to changes in pH. A comparison of LFNR transcripts in leaves of plants grown on variable nitrogen regimes revealed that LFNR1 and LFNR2 transcripts are relatively more abundant under conditions of high demand for NADPH. These results are discussed in terms of the functional differentiation of maize LFNR isoenzymes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Catalysis
  • Chloroplasts / enzymology*
  • Chloroplasts / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytochrome b6f Complex / metabolism
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Ferredoxin-NADP Reductase / chemistry
  • Ferredoxin-NADP Reductase / genetics
  • Ferredoxin-NADP Reductase / metabolism*
  • Ferredoxins / metabolism*
  • Isoenzymes / genetics
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Nitrogen / pharmacology
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Leaves / cytology
  • Plant Leaves / enzymology*
  • Plant Leaves / genetics
  • Plant Leaves / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / pharmacology
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Thylakoids / metabolism
  • Zea mays / cytology
  • Zea mays / enzymology*
  • Zea mays / genetics
  • Zea mays / metabolism


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Ferredoxins
  • Isoenzymes
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Cytochrome b6f Complex
  • Ferredoxin-NADP Reductase
  • Nitrogen

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB035644
  • GENBANK/AJ250378
  • GENBANK/AJ457979
  • GENBANK/AJ457980
  • GENBANK/AT120020
  • GENBANK/AT566190
  • GENBANK/D17790
  • GENBANK/M25528
  • GENBANK/U14956
  • GENBANK/X07981
  • GENBANK/X12446
  • GENBANK/Y14032
  • RefSeq/XM_506676