Expression of CD45 is quite variable in human myeloma cells and cell lines, such as U266, and CD45(+) U266 proliferates in response to a growth factor, interleukin-6. Here, we show that CD45(+) myeloma cell lines were more sensitive to various apoptotic stimuli, such as oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress, than CD45(-) cells. Reactive oxygen species and calcium ion seemed to be involved in the susceptibility to apoptosis of CD45(+) U266. The activation of the src family kinases associated with CD45 phosphatase played an important role in the augmented apoptosis in CD45(+) U266 by oxidative stress. These results indicate that the CD45-expression renders myeloma cells competent for not only mitogenic but also apoptotic stimuli, resulting in either proliferation or apoptosis of CD45(+) myeloma cells dependently upon the circumstantial stimuli. Furthermore, voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) 1 was identified as a gene highly expressed in CD45(+) U266 by cDNA subtraction. The increased expression of VDAC1 seemed to augment the sensitivity to the ER-stress because the VDAC1-transfected U266 was more susceptible to the thapsigargin-induced apoptosis. Thus, CD45 expression accompanied by the increased VDAC1 expression sensitizes myeloma cells to the various extracellular stimuli that trigger apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathways.