Dent's disease and prevalence of renal stones in dialysis patients in Northeastern Italy

J Hum Genet. 2006;51(1):25-30. doi: 10.1007/s10038-005-0317-x. Epub 2005 Oct 25.


Dent's disease (DD) involves nephrocalcinosis, urolithiasis, hypercalciuria, LMW proteinuria, and renal failure in various combinations. Males are affected. It is caused by mutations in the chloride channel CLCN5 gene. It has been suggested that DD is underdiagnosed, occurring in less overt forms, apparently without family history. A possible approach to this problem is to search for CLCN5 mutations in patients who may have a high prevalence of mutations: end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with previous calcium, struvite, or radio-opaque (CSR) stones. We looked for CLCN5 mutations in 25 males with ESRD-CSR stones selected from all of the patients (1,901 individuals, of which 1,179 were males) of 15 dialysis units in the Veneto region. One DD patient had a new DD mutation (1070 G > T) in exon 7. The new polymorphism IVS11-67 C > T was detected in intron 11 in one patient and one control. We also found 28 females with ESRD and stone history, and seven more males with ESRD and non-CSR stones. The prevalence of stone formers among dialysis patients in our region was 3.2%, much lower than the prevalence observed in older studies. Struvite stones continue to play a major role in causing stone-associated ESRD .

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chloride Channels / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Kidney Calculi / complications*
  • Kidney Calculi / epidemiology
  • Kidney Diseases / complications
  • Kidney Diseases / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence


  • CLC-5 chloride channel
  • Chloride Channels