An aerodynamic valve in the avian primary bronchus

J Exp Zool. 1992 Jul 1;262(4):441-5. doi: 10.1002/jez.1402620411.


The segmentum accelerans in geese is a constriction in the caudal end of the primary bronchus. Experimental evidence suggests that this part of the airway functions as an inspiratory aerodynamic valve, accelerating the incoming airstream past the ventrobronchial openings. The luminal diameter of the segmentum accelerans dilates in the presence of elevated CO2 levels, probably through relaxation of smooth muscle. Physiological control of the segmentum accelerans may permit inspiratory aerodynamic valving to be maintained throughout a wide range of ventilatory flows.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bronchi / anatomy & histology*
  • Bronchi / metabolism
  • Bronchoconstriction
  • Bronchography
  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Geese / anatomy & histology*
  • Partial Pressure


  • Carbon Dioxide