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, 25 (4), 320-8

Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Seedling-Derived Maize Callus

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Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Seedling-Derived Maize Callus

Vladimir Sidorov et al. Plant Cell Rep.

Abstract

Efficient production of seedling-derived Type I callus was demonstrated for several corn genotypes including commercial inbred lines. Seeds were germinated on MS-based medium containing 10 mg l(-1) picloram and 3 mg l(-1) 6-benzylaminopurine, which induced the development of axillary buds in the area of coleoptilar node. Nodal sections of 7-10-day old seedlings were isolated, split longitudinally, and placed on callus induction medium supplemented with 2.2 mg l(-1) picloram and 0.5 mg l(-1) 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. For lines L4 and L9 the frequency of embryogenic callus induction was 38-42% based on calli per split nodal section. Frequency of callus induction from split nodal sections of seeds germinated on media without growth regulators was 0-3%. Seedling-derived callus of five genotypes was used for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Two constructs containing the green fluorescence protein gene and genes for either neomycin phosphotransferase II or glyphosate selection were used in transformation experiments. Transformation frequency varied from 2 to 11% and about 60% of the T(0) plants had 1-2 copies of transgenes.

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