Multidetector CT (MDCT) has improved imaging of the arteries in the lower extremities. The main advantages of this novel technology are the exceptionally fast scan times, high spatial resolution, increased anatomic coverage, and capability to generate high-quality multiplanar reformations and three-dimensional (3-D) renderings from raw data that can be reprocessed easily and quickly. The applications of MDCT in imaging the lower extremities are multiple and varied. They include the evaluation of peripheral arterial occlusive and aneurysmal disease, the patency and integrity of bypass grafts, and arterial injury owing to trauma. This article describes the techniques of lower extremity MDCT angiography and its use in a few clinical applications.