Endocytic Control of Epithelial Polarity and Proliferation in Drosophila

Nat Cell Biol. 2005 Dec;7(12):1232-9. doi: 10.1038/ncb1324. Epub 2005 Oct 30.

Abstract

Intracellular protein transport is a key factor in epithelial cell polarity. Here we report that mutations in two core components of the vesicle trafficking machinery - a syntaxin and a Rab protein - cause an expansion of the apical membrane domain of Drosophila melanogaster epithelia; this polarity defect is coupled with overproliferation to form neoplastic tumours. Surprisingly, these proteins are associated with the endocytic, and not the exocytic, pathway. The syntaxin Avalanche (Avl) localizes to early endosomes, and loss of avl results in the cellular accumulation of specific membrane proteins, including the Notch signalling receptor and the polarity determinant Crumbs (Crb). Protein accumulation results from a failure in endosomal entry and progression towards lysosomal degradation; these and other avl phenotypes are also detected in Rab5 null mutant cells. Overexpression of Crb alone is sufficient to induce overproliferation of wild-type imaginal tissue, suggesting that polarity alterations in avl and Rab5 mutants directly contribute to tumour formation. Our findings reveal a critical and specific role for endocytic traffic in the control of both apico-basal polarity and cell proliferation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Membrane / physiology
  • Cell Polarity
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Drosophila melanogaster / cytology*
  • Endocytosis / physiology*
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology*
  • Epithelial Cells / ultrastructure
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Protein Transport
  • Qa-SNARE Proteins / genetics
  • rab5 GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics

Substances

  • Membrane Proteins
  • Qa-SNARE Proteins
  • rab5 GTP-Binding Proteins