The effects of helminth infection on humoral IgG responses and clinical outcome of gastric Helicobacter pylori infection are unknown. IgG and IgG subclass responses to H. pylori and serum pepsinogen I/II ratio, a marker of gastric atrophy, were investigated in a Schistosoma japonicum prevalent Chinese population. H. pylori, CagA and IgG subclass responses were assayed by ELISA. Serum pepsinogen I and pepsinogen II were assayed by ELISA and the pepsinogen I/II ratio determined. In 150 subjects, infection with S. japonicum and H. pylori was 55.3% and 51.3%, respectively. H. pylori IgG titres and CagA seropositivity were significantly lower (P<0.05) in co-infected subjects, and differences in H. pylori IgG isotype responses were evident. In H. pylori positives, a significantly higher (P<0.05) pepsinogen I/II ratio was observed in co-infected subjects. The difference between S. japonicum positive and negative subjects was only evident in H. pylori CagA seronegative subjects. In conclusion, S. japonicum co-infection with H. pylori is associated with alterations in IgG responses to H. pylori and less gastric atrophy.