Background: Uterine anomalies are often first suspected after bimanual or ultrasonographic examination. Currently there are no specific recommendations for further evaluation of asymptomatic women with suspected uterine anomalies in pregnancy.
Case: A young primigravida with a history of an ultrasound diagnosis of bicornuate uterus presented with mild abdominal pain. An ultrasound examination showed a viable 18-week fetus with anhydramnios in the left uterine horn. Labor induction with misoprostol culminated in uterine rupture. At laparotomy, a ruptured left noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus was noted.
Conclusion: Pregnancies within noncommunicating uterine horns significantly increase the risk of potentially catastrophic outcome, therefore, consideration should be given to performing 3-dimensonal ultrasonography and/or magnetic resonance imaging examinations to determine the nature of uterine anomalies. Caution should be exercised if prostaglandins are considered for use in this setting.