Evidence-based assessment of personality disorders

Psychol Assess. 2005 Sep;17(3):278-87. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.17.3.278.


The purpose of this article is to provide a foundation for the development of evidence-based guidelines for the assessment of personality disorders, focusing in particular on integrated assessment strategies. The general strategy recommended herein is to first administer a self-report inventory to alert oneself to the potential presence of particular maladaptive personality traits followed by a semistructured interview to verify their presence. This strategy is guided by the existing research that suggests particular strengths of self-report inventories and semistructured interviews relative to unstructured clinical interviews. However, the authors also consider research that suggests that further improvements to the existing instruments can be made. The authors emphasize, in particular, a consideration of age of onset, distortions in self-perception and presentation, gender bias, culture and ethnicity, and personality change.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Medicine / methods*
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological / methods
  • Personality Assessment
  • Personality Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Personality Disorders / psychology*
  • Personality Inventory
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Psychometrics / methods
  • Self Disclosure