Impact of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on Sleep, Mood, Stress and Fatigue Symptoms in Cancer Outpatients

Int J Behav Med. 2005;12(4):278-85. doi: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_9.

Abstract

Sleep disturbance is a very common problem for cancer patients that has largely not been addressed in the clinical intervention literature. Mindfulness meditation has demonstrated clinical benefits for a variety of patient populations in other areas of functioning. This study examined the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on the sleep quality of a heterogeneous sample of 63 cancer patients. Overall sleep disturbance was significantly reduced (p < .001) and participants reported that their sleep quality had improved (p .001). There was also a significant reduction in stress (p < .001), mood disturbance (p = .001), and fatigue (p < .001). The associations among these changes and implications for improving quality of life of cancer patients are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Fatigue
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Neoplasms / rehabilitation*
  • Quality of Life
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / psychology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / therapy*
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Treatment Outcome