Previous studies have indicated that a major fraction of the filtered Cl(-) is reabsorbed via apical membrane Cl(-)/base exchange in the proximal tubule. Recent studies in Slc26a6 null mice have suggested that this transporter mediates only a portion of proximal tubule Cl(-)/base exchange, raising the possibility that one or more unidentified apical membrane transporters may additionally contribute. Recent studies have identified Slc26a7 as another Cl(-)/base exchanger expressed in the kidney. We therefore generated Slc26a7-specific polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to examine cellular and subcellular sites of expression in mouse kidney. The specificity of each antibody was verified by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence of COS-7 cells transiently transfected with mouse Slc26a7. Immunofluorescence microscopy of mouse kidney detected the expression of Slc26a7 subapically in proximal tubule cells, and on the basolateral surface of thick ascending limb cells. Similar staining patterns were demonstrated with two antibodies shown to react with different epitopes on Slc26a7. Immunolocalization of Slc26a7 to proximal tubule and thick ascending limb was also observed in rat kidney. We conclude that Slc26a7 is expressed in the proximal tubule and thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle, and it may therefore contribute to anion transport in these nephron segments.