Purpose of review: This update aims to summarize the current knowledge on Fuchs' uveitis syndrome and review publications in the last 10 years. Theories on the pathogenesis and etiology of Fuchs' uveitis syndrome are revisited and the management of cataract and glaucoma is updated to reflect recent surgical change.
Recent findings: Retrospective reviews have highlighted that patients with Fuchs' uveitis syndrome are often initially misdiagnosed. Studies comparing local inflammatory mediators and cell types have found differences in Fuchs' uveitis syndrome, but the differences in steroid response and degree of inflammation remain poorly understood. Local production of antibodies to rubella has been recently reported in the aqueous of all patients with Fuchs' uveitis syndrome and no controls. Excellent visual outcomes from phacoemulsification have been reported with reduced complications compared with extracapsular cataract extraction.
Summary: Although a single etiological agent and a sensitive laboratory test for the diagnosis of Fuchs' uveitis syndrome is alluring, the diagnosis of Fuchs' uveitis syndrome remains clinical, at least for now. Phacoemulsification has increased the safety of cataract extraction, and the use of intraocular lens is generally safe. The ideal lens material and design are not yet known, but silicone lenses may be best avoided. Glaucoma is often resistant to treatment and should actively be screened for in patients with Fuchs' uveitis syndrome. Medical and surgical treatment for reducing intraocular pressure should be especially aggressive in these patients. Vitrectomy appears to be safe in patients with visually significant vitreous opacification.