Epidemiologic mapping using the "kriging" method: application to an influenza-like illness epidemic in France

Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Jun 1;135(11):1293-300. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116236.


This paper presents the application of a technique from the earth sciences, the "kriging" method, to the field of geographic epidemiology. Both the principles of the method and the basic equations are given. A key advantage of the method is that it relies on an analysis of the spatial variability of the data and allows the representation of the variable under study as a continuous process throughout a country. Application of the kriging method to the geographic distribution of an epidemic of influenza-like illness in France is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Epidemiologic Methods*
  • France / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Influenza, Human / epidemiology*
  • Maps as Topic*
  • Space-Time Clustering
  • Stochastic Processes