Hemoglobin degradation

Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2005;295:275-91. doi: 10.1007/3-540-29088-5_11.

Abstract

Hemoglobin degradation by Plasmodium is a massive catabolic process within the parasite food vacuole that is important for the organism's survival in its host erythrocyte. A proteolytic pathway is responsible for generating amino acids from hemoglobin. Each of the enzymes involved has its own peculiarities to be exploited for development of antimalarial agents that will starve the parasite or result in build-up of toxic intermediates. There are a number of unanswered questions concerning the cell biology, biochemistry and metabolic roles of this crucial pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases / chemistry
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases / genetics
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases / metabolism
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / chemistry
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / genetics
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / metabolism
  • Hemoglobins / metabolism*
  • Metalloendopeptidases / chemistry
  • Metalloendopeptidases / genetics
  • Metalloendopeptidases / metabolism
  • Peptide Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Peptide Hydrolases / genetics
  • Peptide Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Plasmodium / metabolism*
  • Protozoan Proteins / chemistry
  • Protozoan Proteins / genetics
  • Protozoan Proteins / metabolism

Substances

  • Hemoglobins
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Peptide Hydrolases
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases
  • falcipain
  • Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases
  • plasmepsin
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • falcilysin protein, Plasmodium falciparum