The xlnD gene from Pseudomonas alcaligenes NCIMB 9867 (strain P25X) was shown to encode 3-hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylase I, the enzyme that catalyzes the NADH-dependent conversion of 3-hydroxybenzoate to gentisate. Active recombinant XlnD was purified as a hexahistidine fusion protein from Escherichia coli, had an estimated molecular mass of 130 kDa, and is probably a trimeric protein with a subunit mass of 43 kDa. This is in contrast to the monomeric nature of the few 3-hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylases that have been characterized thus far. Like other 3-hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylases, XlnD could utilize either NADH or NADPH as the electron donor. P25X harbors a second 3-hydroxybenzoate 6-hydroxylase II that was strictly inducible by specific aromatic substrates. However, the degradation of 2,5-xylenol and 3,5-xylenol in strain P25X was found to be dependent on the xlnD-encoded 6-hydroxylase I and not the second, strictly inducible 6-hydroxylase II.