Serum antibodies to periodontal pathogens and markers of systemic inflammation

J Clin Periodontol. 2005 Dec;32(12):1189-99. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2005.00856.x.


Aim: We examined the relationship between serum antibodies against Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and plasma fibrinogen and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in a nationally representative sample.

Methods: Data on 2,973 participants aged 40 years and older from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, second phase (1991-1994) were used. Three logistic regression models adjusted for gender, race, educational attainment, diabetes, cigarette smoking, body mass index (BMI), and other inflammatory conditions were constructed, based on three different assumptions: (A) no access to dental/periodontal data; (B) knowledge of number of teeth present but not of clinical periodontal status; and (C) knowledge of both dental and clinical periodontal status.

Results: High fibrinogen (>400 mg/dl) was unrelated to P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans antibodies in all models. High CRP (>0.4 mg/dl) was related to high antibody levels to P. gingivalis in models A [odds ratios (OR) 1.63, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.15-2.32], B (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.18-2.41), and C (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.12-2.23). In model C, high CRP was related to >30% extent of attachment loss of >or=3 mm (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.19-2.08). Antibodies to A. actinomycetemcomitans were not associated with high CRP levels in any model.

Conclusions: High serum titre to P. gingivalis and the presence of periodontal disease are independently related to high CRP levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / blood
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • C-Reactive Protein / analysis*
  • Female
  • Fibrinogen / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Periodontal Diseases / blood*
  • Periodontal Diseases / ethnology
  • Periodontal Diseases / microbiology
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis / immunology*
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Biomarkers
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Fibrinogen
  • C-Reactive Protein