The children in the community study of developmental course of personality disorder

J Pers Disord. 2005 Oct;19(5):466-86. doi: 10.1521/pedi.2005.19.5.466.


The Children in the Community (CIC) Study is an ongoing investigation of the course of psychiatric disorders including personality disorders (PDs) in an epidemiological sample of about 800 youths. In addition to tracking developmental trajectories over 20 years from adolescence into adulthood, the CIC Study has used prospective data to investigate early risks for Axis II disorders and symptoms (including both environmental factors and early characteristics), implications of comorbidity with Axis I disorders, and associated negative prognostic risk of adolescent PDs into adulthood. The substantial independent impact of PD on subsequent Axis I disorders, suicide attempts, violent and criminal behavior, interpersonal conflict, and other problematic adult outcomes confirms the importance of attention to these problems when they manifest in early adolescence. The implications of study findings for potential changes in the DSM are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Comorbidity
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Love
  • Personality Development*
  • Personality Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Personality Disorders / etiology*
  • Personality Disorders / psychology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Risk Factors