Fourteen-year (1987 to 2000) trends in the attack rates of, therapy for, and mortality from non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes in four United States communities

Am J Cardiol. 2005 Nov 15;96(10):1349-55. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.037. Epub 2005 Sep 19.


During the past 2 decades, randomized trials have proved the efficacy of several treatments for non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACSs), including aspirin, beta blockers, and coronary revascularization. However, the cumulative effectiveness of these evolving therapies in actual clinical practice remains unknown. The Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities (ARIC) surveillance study uses rigorous prospective community surveillance to monitor the epidemiology of coronary heart disease among subjects who are 35 to 74 years of age and reside in 4 United States communities, with a population totaling 370,000 subjects. We identified 6,379 ARIC surveillance patients who were hospitalized with NSTE-ACS (defined as cardiac chest pain and ST depression or T-wave inversion on the presenting electrocardiogram) between 1987 and 2000 and then analyzed 30-day and 1-year mortalities by calendar year of admission. Using logistic regression, 30-day mortality was modeled first using predictor variables of the calendar year, ARIC community, and indicators of severity and co-morbidity and then by adding variables for treatment with aspirin, beta blockers, and coronary revascularization to this model. Crude 30-day mortality decreased from 8.6% in 1988 to 3.6% in 2000 (p for trend <0.001), a trend that remained significant (p = 0.006) after adjustment for case severity and co-morbidity. The trend became nonsignificant after adjustment for treatment variables, suggesting that newer treatments may explain the improved survival. In conclusion, 30-day mortality from NSTE-ACS has decreased as treatment has improved.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aspirin / therapeutic use
  • Coronary Angiography / trends
  • Coronary Care Units / trends
  • Coronary Disease / drug therapy*
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Electrocardiography / methods
  • Electrocardiography / trends*
  • Female
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Hospital Mortality / trends
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Revascularization / trends
  • Patient Admission / trends
  • Population Surveillance
  • Syndrome
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Fibrinolytic Agents
  • Aspirin