TLR3 activation inhibits human mast cell attachment to fibronectin and vitronectin

Mol Immunol. 2006 Apr;43(10):1579-86. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2005.09.019. Epub 2005 Nov 8.


Mast cells are involved in both the genesis of allergic inflammation and in host defense; and reside in tissues where their location and responsiveness is regulated in part by adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins (ECM). We have reported that human mast cells (huMC) express TLR1-7, and 9 and respond to toll-like receptors (TLR) ligands by releasing cytokines and leukotriene C4. To determine if TLR ligation could similarly affect mast cells via an influence on adhesion, we employed huMC; and as substrates, fibronectin (FN) and vitronectin (VN). huMC were thus treated with double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and adhesion to ECM was quantified. FcvarepsilonRI dependent mast cell degranulation was assessed. Adhesion molecule expression and activation was measured by flow cytometry. Activation of huMC through TLR3 with increasing amounts of polyI:C inhibited mast cell adhesion in a dose-dependent manner. This decrease in adhesion was accompanied by a similar decrease in IgE-mediated mast cell degranulation. Activation of TLR3 on huMC resulted in a change in the conformation of CD29, the receptor for FN, to an inactive form. Thus, TLR3 activation decreases mast cell attachment to VN and FN through an active process and one, which would abrogate mast cell attachment dependent potentiation of IgE-mediated responses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Cell Adhesion / drug effects
  • Cell Adhesion / immunology*
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / pharmacology
  • Integrin beta1 / chemistry
  • Integrin beta1 / immunology
  • Interferon-alpha / pharmacology
  • Leukotriene C4 / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Lung / cytology
  • Lung / immunology
  • Mast Cells / drug effects
  • Mast Cells / immunology*
  • Poly I-C / pharmacology
  • Protein Conformation
  • Skin / cytology
  • Skin / immunology
  • Toll-Like Receptor 3 / agonists*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 3 / metabolism
  • Toll-Like Receptors / agonists
  • Toll-Like Receptors / metabolism
  • Vitronectin / immunology*


  • Cytokines
  • Fibronectins
  • Integrin beta1
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Ligands
  • Toll-Like Receptor 3
  • Toll-Like Receptors
  • Vitronectin
  • Leukotriene C4
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Poly I-C