Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation following nonmyeloablative conditioning as treatment for hematologic malignancies and inherited blood disorders

Mol Ther. 2006 Jan;13(1):26-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ymthe.2005.09.011. Epub 2005 Nov 8.

Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) after myeloablative conditioning regimens has been an effective treatment for many patients with hematologic malignancies or inherited blood disorders. Unfortunately, such regimens have been associated with significant toxicity, limiting their use to otherwise healthy, relatively young patients. In an attempt to extend treatment by allogeneic HCT to older patients and those with comorbid conditions, several groups of investigators have developed reduced-intensity or truly nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens, lacking such toxicity. Analogous to conventional regimens, reduced-intensity regimens both eliminated host-versus-graft (rejection) reactions and produced major anti-tumor effects. In contrast, nonmyeloablative regimens have relied on optimizing both pre-and posttransplant immunosuppression to overcome host-versus-graft reactions, while anti-tumor responses have depended mainly on immune-mediated graft-versus-tumor effects. In this review, we define reduced-intensity and truly nonmyeloablative regimens, describe the preclinical development and clinical application of a very low intensity nonmyeloablative regimen, and review results with reduced-intensity regimens in patients with hematologic malignancies or inherited blood disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Dogs
  • Genetic Therapy
  • Hematologic Diseases / genetics
  • Hematologic Diseases / therapy*
  • Hematologic Neoplasms / therapy
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation* / adverse effects
  • Host vs Graft Reaction
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppression
  • Transplantation Conditioning* / adverse effects
  • Transplantation, Homologous