Addressing the cancer control needs of Pacific Islanders: experience of the Pacific Islander Cancer Control Network

Pac Health Dialog. 2004 Sep;11(2):233-8.


Purpose: This paper describes the accomplishments of the Pacific Islander Cancer Control Network (PICCN). PICCN's objectives fall under two broad categories: increasing cancer awareness and enhancing cancer control research among Samoans, Tongans, and Chamorros.

Methods: PICCN established an infrastructure for addressing the goals that include the University of California, Irvine; the UCI Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; and community-based organizations (CBOs) in areas where large numbers of Pacific Islanders live. Activities that increase cancer awareness include assessing existing cancer education materials, developing new culturally-sensitive materials, and distributing the materials in a culturally-sensitive manner. Activities that enhance cancer control research include training Pacific Islander investigators and providing them with mentors to help with the development of research projects.

Results: During the four project years, PICCN has conducted more than 180 cancer awareness activities in its six study sites: Carson, CA; San Mateo, CA; San Diego, CA; Salt Lake City, UT; American Samoa; and Guam. PICCN members have also participated in conferences and lead discussions about the importance of clinical trials for Pacific Islanders. In addition, the Network has trained nine Pacific Islander investigators (three individuals from each ethnic group) in its cancer control academy. Finally, PICCN investigators are conducting pilot research projects that will answer important questions regarding the cancer control needs of these Pacific Islanders and set the stage for interventions aimed at addressing the needs.

Conclusion: PICCN is advancing the national goal of eliminating cancer-related health disparities through its cancer awareness and research activities for Pacific Islanders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • American Samoa
  • California
  • Curriculum
  • Guam
  • Hawaii
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander / education*
  • Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Pacific Islands / ethnology
  • Program Evaluation
  • Regional Medical Programs / organization & administration*
  • Social Justice