Influence of experimentally induced anxiety on gastric sensorimotor function in humans

Gastroenterology. 2005 Nov;129(5):1437-44. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2005.08.020.


Background & aims: Unexplained dyspeptic symptoms are associated with changes in gastric sensorimotor function and several psychopathologic dimensions, including anxiety. It is unclear whether this reflects common predisposition or a causal relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate whether experimentally induced anxiety would alter gastric sensorimotor function in health.

Methods: Fourteen subjects underwent a gastric barostat study to assess gastric sensitivity and accommodation. Eighteen subjects underwent a 10-minute satiety drinking test (30 mL/min) with registration of epigastric symptoms on a visual analogue scale (VAS) at 2-minute intervals. Emotional context was modulated for 10 minutes at the start of each experiment by combined projection of validated facial expressions and an audiotape recalling a neutral or an anxious autobiographical experience. Anxiety levels were assessed using a VAS and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).

Results: VAS and STAI scores confirmed efficacy of anxiety induction. During the anxiety condition, gastric compliance was significantly decreased (57 +/- 5 vs 40 +/- 5 mL/mm Hg; P < .01). Intraballoon pressures inducing discomfort during gastric distention were not altered, but the corresponding volume (630 +/- 47 vs 489 +/- 39 mL; P < .005) was significantly lower. Meal-induced relaxation was inhibited during the anxiety condition and this persisted for the 60-minute measurement (157 +/- 29 vs 100 +/- 24 mL; P < .05). During the satiety drinking test, the anxiety condition was associated with significantly higher scores for satiety, fullness, and bloating.

Conclusions: Experimentally induced anxiety alters gastric sensorimotor function, suggesting that psychological factors may play a causal role in the pathogenesis of some dyspeptic symptoms and mechanisms.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / physiopathology*
  • Dyspepsia / etiology
  • Dyspepsia / physiopathology*
  • Dyspepsia / psychology*
  • Eating
  • Fasting / physiology
  • Fasting / psychology
  • Female
  • Gastric Emptying / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Neurons / physiology
  • Neurons, Afferent / physiology
  • Pressure
  • Stomach / innervation*
  • Stomach / physiology*