Identification of two proteins required for conjunction and regular segregation of achiasmate homologs in Drosophila male meiosis

Cell. 2005 Nov 18;123(4):555-68. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2005.08.043.

Abstract

In Drosophila males, homologous chromosomes segregate by an unusual process involving physical connections not dependent on recombination. We have identified two meiotic proteins specifically required for this process. Stromalin in Meiosis (SNM) is a divergent member of the SCC3/SA/STAG family of cohesin proteins, and Modifier of Mdg4 in Meiosis (MNM) is one of many BTB-domain proteins expressed from the mod(mdg4) locus. SNM and MNM colocalize along with a repetitive rDNA sequence known to function as an X-Y pairing site to nucleolar foci during meiotic prophase and to a compact structure associated with the X-Y bivalent during prometaphase I and metaphase I. Additionally, MNM localizes to autosomal foci throughout meiosis I. These proteins are mutually dependent for their colocalization, and at least MNM requires the function of teflon, another meiotic gene. SNM and MNM do not colocalize with SMC1, suggesting that the homolog conjunction mechanism is independent of cohesin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / physiology*
  • Cell Nucleus Division / genetics
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Chromosome Pairing / genetics
  • Chromosome Segregation / genetics
  • Chromosome Segregation / physiology*
  • Chromosomes / genetics
  • Chromosomes / metabolism
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Diptera / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins / physiology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / physiology
  • Exons / genetics
  • Female
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Male
  • Meiosis / genetics
  • Meiosis / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Nondisjunction, Genetic
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Sex Chromosomes / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / physiology

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • SA protein, Drosophila
  • SA-2 protein, Drosophila
  • Transcription Factors
  • cohesins
  • mod(mdg4) protein, Drosophila
  • structural maintenance of chromosome protein 1

Associated data

  • GENBANK/DQ165550