Balance disorder and traumatic brain injury: preliminary findings of a multi-factorial observational study

Brain Inj. 2005 Dec;19(13):1095-104. doi: 10.1080/02699050500188898.


The pathophysiology of TBI suggests that balance disorder in this population may be associated with multi-system dysfunction, but this has not been widely explored in the literature. This study was undertaken to begin to describe the nature of balance disorder across the TBI population. A clinically-based observational design was employed and data gathered by a standardized process of structured observation. Twenty-seven subjects were recruited across a range of injury severities. The sample was skewed towards mild/moderate injury with a mean summated GCS score of 9.6. Deficits were observed across a wide range of domains at both individual and group level and the overall level of balance dysfunction was high. Summary results are reported here and a more detailed analysis of individual cases is underway. Additional cross-disciplinary research is required to further develop understanding of the nature of balance disorder in this population and to develop appropriate methods of clinical assessment.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Observer Variation
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Postural Balance*
  • Posture*
  • Sensation Disorders / etiology*
  • Sensation Disorders / rehabilitation