Cross-tolerance between antinociception induced by swim-stress and morphine in formalin test

Behav Pharmacol. 2005 Dec;16(8):613-9. doi: 10.1097/00008877-200512000-00003.

Abstract

The present study investigated cross-tolerance between antinociception induced by water swim-stress and morphine in the formalin test. Intraperitoneal administration of morphine (3, 6 and 9 mg/kg) induced dose-dependent antinociception in both phases of the formalin test. Mice treated with a lower dose of morphine (25 mg/kg), once daily for 3 days, showed tolerance to antinociception induced by a lower test dose of morphine (3 mg/kg). Similar repeated treatments with a higher dose of morphine (50 mg/kg) produced tolerance to antinociception induced by different test doses of morphine (3, 6 and 9 mg/kg). Exposure to water swim-stress, once daily for 2 or 3 days in order to induce tolerance, also decreased morphine-induced antinociception. Swim-stress exposure for 2 or 3 days also tends to potentiate tolerance induced by a lower dose of morphine. Acute swim-stress of different durations (0.5, 1 and 3 min) induced antinociception in both phases of the formalin test, which was not reduced by naloxone, but showed even more antinociception in the second phase. The response to swim stress was decreased in mice treated with higher doses of morphine, but not those animals that received swimming stress (3 min) once daily for 2-3 days, in order to induce habituation to swim-stress-induced antinociception. The results may indicate a possible cross-tolerance between antinociception induced by morphine and by swim stress.

MeSH terms

  • Analgesia*
  • Analgesics, Opioid / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Formaldehyde
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Morphine / pharmacology*
  • Naloxone / pharmacology
  • Narcotic Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Pain Measurement / drug effects*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Swimming / psychology*

Substances

  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Formaldehyde
  • Naloxone
  • Morphine