Toward evidence-based interventions for diverse populations: The San Francisco General Hospital prevention and treatment manuals

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2005 Oct;73(5):790-9. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.5.790.


Clinical trials have seldom included adequate samples of people of color. Therefore, practitioners serving ethnic minorities often do not have access to readily available evidence-based interventions. This article summarizes the development and empirical evaluation of prevention and treatment manuals designed for low-income ethnic minority populations at San Francisco General Hospital. The manuals were often designed by people of color familiar with the communities for which they were developed. Independent research teams in multi-site national and international clinical trials have evaluated many of these manuals with encouraging results.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Behavioral Research*
  • Community Participation*
  • Cultural Diversity*
  • Depressive Disorder / ethnology*
  • Depressive Disorder / prevention & control*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • Hispanic or Latino / education
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Hospitals, General
  • Humans
  • Manuals as Topic*
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Poverty / ethnology
  • Psychiatric Department, Hospital*
  • Psychology, Social / instrumentation*
  • San Francisco
  • Social Values / ethnology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sociology, Medical