Atrial natriuretic peptide stimulates lipid mobilization during repeated bouts of endurance exercise

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006 May;290(5):E864-9. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00348.2005. Epub 2005 Nov 15.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) controls lipolysis in human adipocytes. Lipid mobilization is increased during repeated bouts of exercise, but the underlying mechanisms involved in this process have not yet been delineated. The relative involvement of catecholamine- and ANP-dependent pathways in the control of lipid mobilization during repeated bouts of exercise was thus investigated in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) by microdialysis. The study was performed in healthy males. Subjects performed two 45-min exercise bouts (E1 and E2) at 50% of their maximal oxygen uptake separated by a 60-min rest period. Extracellular glycerol concentration (EGC), reflecting SCAT lipolysis, was measured in a control probe perfused with Ringer solution and in two other probes perfused with either Ringer plus phentolamine (alpha(1/2)-AR antagonist) or Ringer plus both phentolamine and propranolol (beta-AR antagonist). Plasma epinephrine, plasma glycerol, and EGC were 1.7-, 1.6-, and 1.2-fold higher in E2 than in E1, respectively. Phentolamine potentiated exercise-induced EGC increase during E2 only. Propranolol reduced the lipolytic rate during both E1 and E2 compared with the probe with phentolamine. Plasma ANP concentration increased more during E2 than during E1 and was correlated with the increase in EGC in the probe containing phentolamine plus propranolol. The results suggest that ANP is involved in the control of lipolysis during exercise and that it contributes to stimulation of lipolysis during repeated bouts of exercise.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / blood supply
  • Adipose Tissue / drug effects
  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Adult
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood*
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / physiology
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Catecholamines / blood
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic GMP / metabolism
  • Epinephrine / blood
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Extracellular Fluid / drug effects
  • Extracellular Fluid / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
  • Glycerol / blood
  • Glycerol / metabolism
  • Growth Hormone / blood
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Lipolysis / physiology*
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Norepinephrine / blood
  • Phentolamine / pharmacology
  • Physical Endurance / physiology*
  • Propranolol / pharmacology
  • Regional Blood Flow / physiology


  • Blood Glucose
  • Catecholamines
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Insulin
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Growth Hormone
  • Propranolol
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Glycerol
  • Norepinephrine
  • Epinephrine
  • Phentolamine