Arp10p is a pointed-end-associated component of yeast dynactin

Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Feb;17(2):738-48. doi: 10.1091/mbc.e05-05-0449. Epub 2005 Nov 16.


In metazoans, dynein-dependent vesicle transport is mediated by dynactin, containing an actin-related protein, Arp1p, together with a cargo-selection complex containing a second actin-related protein, Arp11. Paradoxically, in budding yeast, models of dynactin function imply an interaction with membranes, whereas the lack of microtubule-based vesicle transport implies the absence of a cargo-selection complex. Using both genetic and biochemical approaches, we demonstrate that Arp10p is the functional yeast homologue of Arp11, suggesting the possible existence of a pointed-end complex in yeast. Specifically, Arp10p interacts with Arp1p and other dynactin subunits and is dependent on Arp1p for stability. Conversely, Arp10p stabilizes the dynactin complex by association with the Arp1p filament pointed end. Using a novel hRAS-Arp1p one-hybrid assay, we show that Arp1p associates with the plasma membrane dependent on dynactin subunits, but independent of dynein, and sensitive to cell wall damage. We directly show the association of Arp1p with not only the plasma membrane but also with a less dense membrane fraction. Based on the hRAS-Arp1p assay, loss of Arp10p enhances the apparent association of dynactin with the plasma membrane and suppresses the loss of signaling conferred by cell wall damage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Wall / metabolism
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Dynactin Complex
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Microfilament Proteins / chemistry
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism*
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / chemistry
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / genetics
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomycetales / cytology
  • Saccharomycetales / genetics
  • Saccharomycetales / metabolism*
  • ras Proteins / genetics
  • ras Proteins / metabolism


  • Dynactin Complex
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • ras Proteins