Aim: To compare the effect of indocyanine green (ICG)-assisted internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and triamcinolone acetonide-assisted posterior vitreous removal on visual acuity in patients with diffuse diabetic macular oedema (DMO).
Methods: In total, 24 patients with diffuse DMO who underwent pars plana vitrectomy were included in this study. In all, 11 patients (mean age 57 years) were performed ICG-assisted ILM peeling; while 13 patients (mean age 54 years) underwent triamcinolone-assisted posterior vitreous removal. Patients from two different treatment regimens were compared in terms of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at postoperative sixth months.
Results: In ICG-assisted ILM peeling group, preoperative BCVA (1.3+/-0.4, mean+/-SD, logMAR) improved postoperatively to 0.9+/-0.5 (P=0.011). In eyes underwent triamcinolone-assisted posterior vitreous removal, baseline BCVA of 1.4+/-0.4 improved to 1.0+/-0.5 (P=0.007). There was no difference between baseline as well as postoperative sixth-month BCVA results of both groups (P=0.59 and P=0.57, respectively).
Conclusions: Triamcinolone-assisted posterior vitreous removal and ICG-assisted ILM peeling have the same effect in terms of postoperative BCVA in patients with diffuse DMO.