This study aimed at immobilizing the antibodies on the surfaces of the solid host membranes in order to improve the property of the biomaterial. The von Willebrand factor (vWf) antibodies were immobilized on the surface of Bombyx mori silk fibroin and PLA (Poly Lactic Acid) membrane by NH3 plasma treatment followed by covalent cross-linking reaction. The immobilization efficiency was evaluated by two methods including the antibody surplus and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The in vitro antithrombogenicity representing the activity of immobilized vWf antibody was determined by the method of Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT), Prothrombin Time (PT) and Thrombin Time (TT) test. The results demonstrate that the vWf antibodies are immobilized on silk fibroin and PLA membranes in an efficient way with the efficiency of antibody surplus up to 23.88% and ELISA reaction is positive. APTT and TT exceeded the upper limits distinctly, but the value of PT did not change noticeably. The in vitro antithrombogenicity represented the is activity-retaining form of antibodies. These results extend the application of antibody immobilization technique and provide a new idea about the design of biomaterials relating to the coagulation factors.