Crossing over is absent in oocytes of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Synaptonemal complexes are present during pachytene between the paired chromosomes. At leptotene, lateral components of the synaptonemal complex are attached in a bouquet to a limited region of the nuclear envelope. Before completion of lateral components, synaptonemal complex formation begins at the nuclear envelope. With synaptonemal complex formation proceeding from both ends bivalents occasionally become interlocked. After pairing is completed, the bouquet arrangement is dissolved possibly as a result of a flow of the inner membrane of the nuclear envelope thereby separating the telomeres. After the telomeres are released from the nuclear envelope, material is deposited onto the lateral components of the synaptonemal complex. The modified synaptonemal complexes are retained by the bivalents until metaphase I. It is suggested that these modified synaptonemal complexes substitute for chiasmata in order to ensure regular disjunction of homologous chromosomes in the absence of crossing over.