Survival pattern of reported HIV infected individuals in the city of Delhi (India)

J Commun Dis. 2004 Jun;36(2):83-92.


There is very little data on the survival period of HIV in India. In this paper survival experience of 836 HIV infected patients was studied whose illness was diagnosed upto Dec. 2003. On analysis, it was observed that the mortality was maximum in the age-group of 41-50 years (25%), 24.4% in males and 24.2% in females. For patients with tuberculosis morality was 23% and was higher among those with unsafe sex (24.5%) as a risk factor. Mortality of AIDS patients in Delhi decreased from 63.2% in 1994 to 24.2% in the year 2003. Also tuberculosis was found to be the major opportunistic infection affecting 83.2% of the patients. An increasing trend was observed with tuberculosis from 84.2% in 1994 to 89.1% in 1997 (p<0.05), but overall tendency was around 84% during the period 1994 to 2003. In AIDS related symptoms chronic diarrheoa accounted for only 5.2%. The median length of survival of HIV infected patients with all subjects was 75 months. The hazard rate showed an increasing trend and reached its peak at 102 months. The survival of HIV infected patients in Delhi was found to be shorter than that of patients in developed countries and developing African countries.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / mortality
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / mortality*
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tuberculosis / mortality