Characterization of MNAR expression

Steroids. 2006 Apr;71(4):317-22. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2005.09.016. Epub 2005 Nov 16.


We have previously demonstrated that modulator of nongenomic action of estrogen receptor (MNAR) integrates action of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), and potentially some other nuclear receptors (NRs), in regulation of Src/Ras/Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. MNAR is a scaffolding protein that contains 10 LXXLL type motifs that can interact with NRs and 3 PXXP type motifs that can bind to SH3 domains present in kinases and other signaling molecules. Formation of ER-MNAR-cSrc complex leads to activation of Src and downstream Ras/Raf/MAPK pathway. The goal for this study was to compare MNAR expression in various cell lines, to optimize methods that can be used to manipulate its expression and to evaluate MNAR cellular distribution. We found that MNAR is differentially expressed. The highest levels of its expression were found in fast proliferating cells, such as breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7)-, T cell lymphoma (Jurkat)-, prostate carcinoma (LNCaP)- and osteosarcoma (SaOS2)-derived cell lines. MNAR was undetectable in African green monkey kidney cells (COS-7) and Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-K1). We established and optimized a protocol to knockdown MNAR using siRNA and to overexpress it in MCF-7 cells. Exogenously expressed MNAR was found in both cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions, the majority of MNAR, however, was found in the cytoplasmic fraction. Presence of MNAR in the cell nucleus indicates that it may play a role in regulation of gene expression.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • CHO Cells
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Co-Repressor Proteins
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Trans-Activators / biosynthesis
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors


  • Co-Repressor Proteins
  • PELP1 protein, human
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors