A three-year population-based study of antibiotic treatments for children

Acta Paediatr. 2005 Oct;94(10):1502-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2005.tb01827.x.


Aim: To describe the use of systemic antibiotics in the paediatric population of the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) during the period 2000-2002.

Methods: Data were extracted from the drug prescription database of Emilia-Romagna.

Results: Treatment rates were within the range 1016-1151 treatments per 1000 children-years, according to the observed year. Chephalosporins were the most prescribed antibiotic class.

Conclusion: The paediatric population of Emilia-Romagna is heavily exposed to systemic antibiotics. Further studies are needed to find out determinants of antibiotic overuse.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Bacterial Infections / diagnosis
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy*
  • Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Utilization
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents