A meta-analysis of psychological and pharmacological treatments for Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Behav Res Ther. 2006 Jan;44(1):99-111. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2004.12.006.


Although psychological and pharmacological treatment approaches for Body Dysmorphic Disorder have been evaluated, the relative effectiveness of these two types of interventions has not been examined. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials and case series studies involving psychological (i.e., behavioural, cognitive-behavioural, cognitive) or medication therapies. Our findings support the effectiveness of both types of therapy, but suggest that cognitive-behavioural treatment may be the most useful. These findings require cross-validation through large-scale clinical trials.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Somatoform Disorders / drug therapy
  • Somatoform Disorders / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors