Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms in coagulation factor XI deficient patients by multitemperature single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis

J Clin Lab Anal. 2005;19(6):233-40. doi: 10.1002/jcla.20084.


Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is a rare inherited disorder which can cause bleeding complications especially in case of hemostatic challenge and/or in tissues with high fibrinolytic activity. A number of causative mutations have been described in FXI deficient individuals which have been detected by various screening methods. In this study, we present the application of the multitemperature single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (MSSCP) on the FXI gene, a recently developed methodology for the detection of single nucleotide exchanges. We analyzed a total of 217 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragments from the promoter region as well as from exons 1-7 and 11-15 and compared the results to automatic fluorescent sequencing. A total of 29 PCR fragments showed single nucleotide exchanges in conventional fluorescent sequencing, representing 10 different mutations (nine missense mutations, one small deletion) and four frequent polymorphisms. With MSSCP electrophoresis at a standard temperature profile (gel temperature 35-20-10 degrees C) we were able to detect 13 of 14 (93%) different nucleotide exchanges in 25 of 29 PCR fragments (86%). Hence, the detection rate for genetic variations in the FXI gene was 86%. To evaluate the reproducibility, MSSCP was performed twice for 174 PCR fragments and the consistency between two electrophoretic runs was 99%. We conclude that the MSSCP is a sensitive, fast, and cost effective screening method for the detection of FXI gene mutations.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis / methods*
  • Factor XI / genetics*
  • Factor XI Deficiency / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational*
  • Temperature


  • Factor XI