One-year post-transplant weight gain is a risk factor for graft loss

Am J Transplant. 2005 Dec;5(12):2922-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2005.01104.x.


Metabolic syndrome (MS) and obesity participate in the pathogenesis of kidney disease. We explored the impact of MS and post-transplant weight gain on graft survival. Two hundred ninety-two renal transplant recipients (RTRs) were included in the study. Various parameters (e.g. anthropometric, biological) were measured at the time of transplantation as well as 1 year post-transplant. The proportion of patients with overweight or obesity significantly increased during the first year post-transplant (p = 0.04). Mean weight gain was 2.7 +/- 5.8 kg. Thirty patients (10.3%) lost their graft during follow-up. In multivariate analysis, patients with an increase in body mass index (BMI) of more than 5% at 1 year post-transplant had an increased risk of graft loss with (HR: 2.82 [95% CI: 1.11-7.44], p = 0.015) or without death censoring (HR: 2.31 [95% CI: 1.06-5.04], p = 0.035). Low creatinine clearance (HR: 4.72 [95% CI: 1.63-13.69], p = 0.004), high urinary protein excretion (HR: 3.21 [95% CI: 1.27-8.18], p = 0.014) and delayed graft function (DGF) (HR: 2.621 [95% CI: 1.07-6.39], p = 0.036) were also independent risk factors for graft loss. MS did not independently predict graft loss, partly due to significant interactions with low-grade inflammation. We conclude that post-transplant weight gain significantly reduces graft survival.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Graft Survival*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Risk Factors
  • Weight Gain*