T-complex polypeptide-1 is a subunit of a heteromeric particle in the eukaryotic cytosol

Nature. 1992 Jul 16;358(6383):249-52. doi: 10.1038/358249a0.


The murine t-complex encodes t-complex polypeptide-1 (TCP1), which is constitutively expressed in almost all cells, and upregulated during spermatogenesis. Mammalian sequences have greater than 96% identity with each other, and greater than 60% identity with Drosophila melanogaster and yeast orthologues. TCP1 is essential in yeast, and is postulated to be the cytosolic mammalian equivalent of groEL. We report here that, in the native state, murine and human TCP1 is distributed throughout the cytosol as an 800K-950K hetero-oligomeric particle in association with four to six unidentified proteins and two Hsp70 heat-shock proteins. Negative-stain electron microscopy indicates that the structure is two stacked rings, 12-16 nm in diameter. Therefore, despite similarities with the chaperonin 60 proteins, these data indicate that TCP1 is biochemically and structurally unique. We suggest that TCP1 may represent one of a family of molecules in the eukaryotic cytosol involved in protein folding and regulated in part by their heteromeric associations.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cytosol / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / ultrastructure
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Testis / metabolism
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • t-Complex Genome Region


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • PPP1R11 protein, human
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/P06139
  • GENBANK/P08823
  • GENBANK/P09239
  • GENBANK/P10809
  • GENBANK/P11983
  • GENBANK/P12612
  • GENBANK/P12613
  • GENBANK/P17987