Objectives: We sought to assess the effect of congenital heart disease requiring surgical intervention with cardiopulmonary bypass at 6 months of age or less on developmental outcomes and growth at 1 year of age while controlling for socioeconomic status, prematurity, home environment, and parental intelligence.
Methods: We performed within-family comparison of 11 multiple-gestation births in which one child had congenital heart disease. At 1 year of age, the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II were administered, and growth parameters were assessed. Paired comparisons were made by using fixed effects regression conditioned on family.
Results: The multiple-gestation subjects were mildly premature on average (mean gestational age, 35.4 +/- 3.0 weeks). At 1 year of age, children with congenital heart disease scored lower on the Mental Development Index (85.0 +/- 19.3 vs 93.9 +/- 16.0, P = .037) and the Psychomotor Development Index (76.6 +/- 16.9 vs 91.3 +/- 14.9, P = .015) on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II than did their siblings without congenital heart disease. There were no differences between siblings in weight, height, or head circumference.
Conclusions: The presence of congenital heart disease requiring surgical intervention with cardiopulmonary bypass at 6 months of age or less is associated with a deficit in developmental achievement at 1 year of age, as measured by using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II.